中国畜牧杂志

2022, v.58(07) 209-213+219

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百香果果壳水提液对肉兔生长性能、屠宰性能、肉品质及血清抗氧化和免疫指标的影响
Effects of Passion Fruit Shell Water Extract on Growth Performance, Slaughter Performance, Meat Quality, Serum Antioxidant and Immune Indexes of Meat Rabbit

周孝琼;周华林;俞晖;张秋红;郭水灵;张海燕;王华;
ZHOU Xiaoqiong;ZHOU Hualin;YU Hui;ZHANG Qiuhong;GUO Shuiling;ZHANG Haiyan;WANG Hua;College of Life Science, Longyan University;Agricultural College,Xiangyang Polytechnic;

摘要(Abstract):

试验旨在研究百香果果壳水提液对肉兔生长性能、屠宰性能、肉品质及血清抗氧化免疫指标的影响。选取38日龄、体重(755±35)g的健康公伊拉商品兔32只,随机分为4组,每组8只,单笼饲养。各组兔饲喂颗粒基础饲料,对照组兔饮用自来水,试验低、中、高剂量组兔饮用水中分别添加3、6、9 g/(只·d)水提液。试验预试期5 d,正试期45 d。结果表明:与对照组相比,饮水中添加水提液不影响肉兔的生长性能(P>0.05),提高了半净膛重、半净膛屠宰率、全净膛重和全净膛屠宰率(P<0.05),降低了滴水损失和蒸煮损失和肌肉嫩度(P<0.05),增加了血清中过氧化氢酶、谷胱甘肽过氧化物酶、超氧化物歧化酶活性和总抗氧化能力(P<0.05),降低了丙二醛含量(P<0.05),增加了血清中免疫球蛋白(IgG、IgM和IgA)、补体(C3和C4)和白细胞介素(IL-2和IL-4)等含量(P<0.05)。综上,百香果果壳水提液不影响肉兔生长性能,但能提高肉兔的屠宰性能,改善肉品质,增强机体抗氧化能力和免疫力。
This experiment was conducted to study the effects of passion fruit shell water extract(PFSWE) on growth performance, slaughter performance, meat quality, serum antioxidant and immune indexes of meat rabbits. A total of 3238-day-old healthy male Yila rabbits(initial body weight 755±35g) were randomly divided into 4 groups with 8 rabbits in each group and raised individually. The rabbits in each group were fed with pellet basic feed. The rabbits in control group drank tap water, and the rabbits in the low, middle and high dose groups drank water added with 3, 6 and 9 g of PFSWE/head/d, respectively. And the trial period was 45 days. The results showed that compared with control, the effects of PFSWE added to drinking water on rabbits included as follows: did not affect the growth performance(P>0.05), and increase the half eviscerated weight, the half eviscerated dressing percentage, the eviscerate weight and the eviscerate dressing percentage(P<0.05); decreased the drip loss and cooking loss(P<0.05); increased the activities of catalase, glutathione peroxidase,superoxide dismutase and total antioxidative capacity in serum, and decreased the content of malondialdehyde(P<0.05);increased contents of immunoglobulin including IgG, IgM and IgA, complement including C3 and C4, and interleukin including IL-2 and IL-4 in serum(P<0.05). In summary, PFSWE did not affect the growth performance of rabbits, but can improve the slaughter performance of meat rabbits, improve meat quality, and enhance antioxidant capacity and immunity.

关键词(KeyWords): 百香果果壳水提液;生长性能;屠宰性能;肉品质;抗氧化;免疫
Passion fruit shell water extract;Growth Performance;Slaughter performance;Meat quality;Antioxidant;Immunity

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 福建省教育厅中青年项目(JAT190733);; 福建省龙岩市科技计划农业类重点项目(2019LYF9020)

作者(Authors): 周孝琼;周华林;俞晖;张秋红;郭水灵;张海燕;王华;
ZHOU Xiaoqiong;ZHOU Hualin;YU Hui;ZHANG Qiuhong;GUO Shuiling;ZHANG Haiyan;WANG Hua;College of Life Science, Longyan University;Agricultural College,Xiangyang Polytechnic;

DOI: 10.19556/j.0258-7033.20210830-02

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