中国畜牧杂志

2020, v.56(02) 39-43

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鱼用中草药饲料添加剂主要有效成分及其作用机制的研究进展
Research Progress on the Main Active Components and Mechanism of Chinese Herbal Medicine Feed Additives for Fish

朱淼;夏艳洁;李虹晔;韩晴;
ZHU Miao;XIA Yanjie;LI Hongye;HAN Qing;College of Animal Science and Technology, Jilin Agriculture University;

摘要(Abstract):

中草药饲料添加剂作为诱食剂、促生长剂、抗菌药物和免疫增强剂被广泛应用于鱼类养殖中,但中草药的化学成分非常复杂,其生物活性不稳定,中草药的化学结构和功能机制需进一步揭示。本文对近些年来国内外鱼用中草药饲料添加剂的主要有效成分及其作用机制(促进生长、提高抗病力及改善肉品质)做一综述,旨在为今后深入解析中草药饲料添加剂作用机制以及通过明确中草药有效成分开发新型免疫增强剂提供理论基础,进而推动鱼类养殖的健康发展。
Chinese herbal feed additives are widely used in fish as food inducers, growth-promoting agents, antimicrobial agents and immune enhancers. However, the chemical components of Chinese herbal medicine are very complex and their biological activities are not stable. More researches need to reveal the chemical structure and functional mechanisms of Chinese herbs. This paper reviews the main active ingredients and the mechanism of Chinese herbal feed additives for fish in recent years(promoting growth and feed utilization, promoting immunity and disease resistance, improving the meat quality of cultured fish). The aim of this work is to further analyze the mechanism of Chinese herbal feed additives in the future and provide theoretical basis for the development of new immune enhancers by clarifying the effective components of Chinese herbal medicine, so as to promote the healthy development of fish culture.

关键词(KeyWords): 鱼类养殖;中草药饲料添加剂;主要有效成分;作用机制;研究进展
Fish culture;Chinese herbal medicine feed additives;Main active components;Mechanism;Research progress

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 吉林省土著珍稀冷水鱼——江鳕人工繁育及养殖技术研究示范(603-0001024)

作者(Authors): 朱淼;夏艳洁;李虹晔;韩晴;
ZHU Miao;XIA Yanjie;LI Hongye;HAN Qing;College of Animal Science and Technology, Jilin Agriculture University;

DOI: 10.19556/j.0258-7033.20190421-02

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